February 14, 2021

AND THEN YOU GET TO BLAME THE KIDS FOR THEIR SITUATION:

The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander review - clear-eyed and distressing  (Colin Grant, 23 Jul 2019, The Guardian)

In 2008, months before his election as president, Barack Obama assailed feckless black fathers who had reneged on responsibilities that ought not "to end at conception". Where had all the black fathers gone, Obama wondered. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander has a simple answer to their whereabouts: they've gone to jail.

Her clear-eyed assessment, published in the UK almost a decade after it first stunned America, is an indictment of a society that, since the 1980s, has been complicit in the explosion of its prison population from around 300,000 to more than 2 million. Drug convictions have largely fuelled the increase, and an extraordinary number of those new felons have been black. This is not coincidental. The Reagan administration's "war on drugs" shifted the legal goalposts, Alexander asserts, so that mass incarceration "emerged as a stunningly comprehensive and well-designed system of racialised social control that functions in a manner strikingly similar to Jim Crow".

In the years following the civil war southern legislators designed "Jim Crow" laws to thwart the newly emancipated black population, notably curbing voting rights. Under the laws, black people also, increasingly, found themselves "relegated to convict leasing camps that were, in many ways, worse than slavery". If Jim Crow was an effective means of controlling the black population, then modern mass incarceration, Alexander argues, is its successor.

Posted by at February 14, 2021 12:00 AM

  

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