April 2, 2016

ALL HATE, ALL THE TIME:

The Outgroup and Its Errors (ALAN JACOBS, April 2, 2016, American Conservative)

A couple of years ago, Scott Alexander wrote a post titled "I Can Tolerate Anything Except the Outgroup." I strongly recommend that you read the whole thing, but essentially Alexander sets out to answer a question: How is it that, say, straight white men can be gracious and kind to, say, lesbian black women while being unremittingly bitter towards other straight white men? What has happened here to the old distinction between ingroups and outgroups? His answer is that "outgroups may be the people who look exactly like you, and scary foreigner types can become the in-group on a moment's notice when it seems convenient."

Then Alexander gives a powerful example. He mentions being chastised by readers who thought he was "uncomplicatedly happy" when he expressed relief that Osama bin Laden was dead.

Of the "intelligent, reasoned, and thoughtful" people I knew, the overwhelming emotion was conspicuous disgust that other people could be happy about his death. I hastily backtracked and said I wasn't happy per se, just surprised and relieved that all of this was finally behind us. [...]

Then a few years later, Margaret Thatcher died. And on my Facebook wall - made of these same "intelligent, reasoned, and thoughtful" people - the most common response was to quote some portion of the song "Ding Dong, The Witch Is Dead". Another popular response was to link the videos of British people spontaneously throwing parties in the street, with comments like "I wish I was there so I could join in." From this exact same group of people, not a single expression of disgust or a "c'mon, guys, we're all human beings here."

Even when he pointed this out, none of his readers saw a problem with their joy in Thatcher's death. And that's when Alexander realized that "if you're part of the Blue Tribe, then your outgroup isn't al-Qaeda, or Muslims, or blacks, or gays, or transpeople, or Jews, or atheists - it's the Red Tribe."

Since Alexander wrote that post, an article has appeared based on research that confirms his hypothesis. "Fear and Loathing across Party Lines: New Evidence on Group Polarization," by Shanto Iyengar and Sean J. Westwood, indicates that Americans today do not simply feel animus towards those who disagree with with politically, but are prepared to act on it. 

Thus Democrats rabidly despised the progressive W and Republicans the conservative UR.
Posted by at April 2, 2016 12:14 PM

  

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