April 5, 2015

IT'S MAINLY A FUNCTION OF U.S. INTERVENTION:

Shia crescent: self-fulfilling prophecy (RANJ ALAALDIN, 3 April 2015, Open Democracy)

The "Shia Crescent" has been a self-serving and self-fulfilling prophecy. Since its inception in 1979, never has the Islamic Republic of Iran had such influence and control over a range of state and non-state actors. In Iraq, Iran has unparalleled control over the Shia-dominated state and the country's range of Shia militias currently fighting so-called Islamic State (IS). Elsewhere, Iranian influence over Hezbollah in Lebanon and Syria's al-Assad regime has been reinforced since the outbreak of conflict in Syria and its transformation into a regionalised sectarian proxy war. 

Whilst for Iran it is mostly geostrategic interests that are at stake, for the others it is their survival. IS and its backers in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf have made clear their intent to reverse the Shia ascent in the region and eliminate the Shia community altogether. In other words, Iranian influence in the region has as much to do with the policies and reactions of the Arab world as it does Iran's own maneuverings. Iran does not have influence over the region's various Shia actors by default, but is helped by the way the Arab world regimes have historically treated Shia actors in the region.

From taking out Saddam to insisting on self-determination to our emerging alliance with Iran, we are the architects of the Shi'a Crescent.

Posted by at April 5, 2015 6:32 PM
  

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