August 24, 2014

AFTER ALL, IT'S NOT AS IF CORPORATIONS ARE PERSONS:

One Way to Fix the Corporate Tax: Repeal It (N. Gregory Mankiw, 8/24/14, NY Times)

Perhaps the boldest and best response to corporate inversions is to completely rethink the basis of corporate taxation. The first step is to acknowledge that corporations are more like tax collectors than taxpayers. The burden of the corporate tax is ultimately borne by people -- some combination of the companies' employees, customers and shareholders. After recognizing that corporations are mere conduits, we can focus more directly on the people.

A long tradition in political philosophy and economics, dating back about four centuries to Thomas Hobbes, suggests that the amount that a person consumes is the right basis for taxation. A broad-based consumption tax asks a person to contribute to support the government according to how much of the economy's output of goods and services he or she enjoys. It doesn't matter whether the resources for that consumption come from wages, interest, rent, dividends, capital gains or inheritance.

So here's a proposal: Let's repeal the corporate income tax entirely, and scale back the personal income tax as well. We can replace them with a broad-based tax on consumption. The consumption tax could take the form of a value-added tax, which in other countries has proved to be a remarkably efficient way to raise government revenue.

Some may worry that a flat consumption tax is too easy on the rich or too hard on the poor. But there are ways to address these concerns. One possibility is to maintain a personal income tax for those with especially high incomes. Another is to use some revenue from the consumption tax to fund universal fixed rebates -- sometimes called demogrants. Of course, the larger the rebate, the higher the tax rate would need to be.
Posted by at August 24, 2014 4:47 PM
  
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