August 16, 2014
A PEOPLE WHO THINK THEMSELVES A NATION ARE ONE:
Catalonia vs Spain, a clash of two nationalisms (PATRICE DE BEER, 14 August 2014, OpenDemocracy)
Posted by Orrin Judd at August 16, 2014 6:50 AMWill 2014 be the year of Catalonia as it might be that of Scotland, whose voters will decide by referendum on September 18 if they want to regain their independence after three centuries within the United Kingdom ?Five days earlier, Catalans will have taken to the streets en masse to commemorate the 300th anniversary of their own battle of Culloden, i.e. the fall of Barcelona into the hands of Spanish and French armies on September 11, 1714, and the end of their traditional self-rule and national identity. In 2012 and 2013 between one and two million people marched for independence from Spain, out of a population of 7.5 millions, slightly larger than Denmark.And, on November 9, the autonomous government has vowed to organise a referendum on Catalan residents' "Right to decide" whether they want to become a State and, if they do, whether they would choose independence or remain in the fold of the Spanish monarchy. A vote which is bitterly opposed - as unconstitutional - by the right wing PP's (Popular Party) government in Madrid as much as by PSOE (Socialist) opposition in the name of Spanish unity. For the moment, according to recent opinion polls, over two thirds of voters would vote "yes" at the first question and a small majority would opt for independence.