July 13, 2013
CONNIVING AGAINST DEMOCRACY:
In Egypt, the 'Deep State' Rises Again (CHARLES LEVINSON and MATT BRADLEY, 7/13/13, WSJ)
Posted by Orrin Judd at July 13, 2013 6:37 AMIn the months before the military ousted President Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's top generals met regularly with opposition leaders, often at the Navy Officers' Club nestled on the Nile.The message: If the opposition could put enough protesters in the streets, the military would step in--and forcibly remove the president. [...]Suggestions that Mr. Morsi's overthrow was planned in advance, as opposed to an emergency response, have implications for U.S. aid. "If there was evidence this...was blatantly premeditated, then it would put more pressure to cut off aid on the [Obama] administration, which is currently trying to avoid having to label this a coup d'état," said Josh Stacher, a Kent State University political science professor and Egypt expert.The meetings between the generals and opposition leaders also show the workings of what is known in Egypt as the "deep state"--an assortment of long-standing political and bureaucratic forces that wield tremendous influence. A[...]The secret meetings between the military and secular opposition parties were key to the political chess game leading to Mr. Morsi's departure.