October 24, 2012


Evangelists of Democracy (David Rieff, October 24, 2012, National Interest)

[D]emocracy promotion should be understood as a subset of contemporary liberalism--the only major modern ideology that denies it is an ideology at all. More precisely, it is the end state of human political organization after all the other ideologies have withered away, the future's moral default position. To hear Western democracy-promotion activists tell it, when they work to "transition" states from a totalitarian or authoritarian social order to a liberal-democratic one, they are merely hastening the inevitable. George Soros's formulation, derived from Karl Popper and serving as the ideological underpinning for his democracy-promotion entity, the Open Society Foundations, is expressed thus: "Opening up closed societies, making open societies more viable, and promoting a critical mode of thinking." In this account, it is self-evident that history is moving in one direction--toward more freedom, more openness and more democracy. Thus, democracy promotion is best understood as embodying the main premise of Francis Fukuyama's 1989 article "The End of History?," which claimed that the West's Cold War victory marked "the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government."

There is irony in this proud assertion of openness to new ideas and dismissal of "closed," undemocratic societies on the grounds that they, as Soros once complained, "claim to be in possession of the ultimate truth." After all, this contemporary Western democratic-capitalist vision, of which the democracy-promotion and human-rights movements should be viewed as subsets, also claims a monopoly on social, ethical and political truth. Soros has reminisced that he knew communism was false because "it was a dogma." But what could be more Manichaean and philosophically primitive than the blanket division of the entire world into open and closed societies? And what could be more dogmatic than Soros's audacious claim that communism's defeat "laid the groundwork for a universal open society"? For that matter, what could be more closed-minded than Fukuyama's assertion that history's only important remaining questions were how quickly and under what circumstances universalization of Western liberal capitalism would take place?

These claims may employ secular language to justify the conclusion that open societies are preferable to closed societies in large part because, again quoting Soros, "in an open society each citizen is not only allowed but required to think for himself." But that cannot obscure their uncanny resemblance to both the familiar wartime claim that God is on one's side and the Marxist idea that communism's victory was inevitable. 

...between a religion that was right and an idea that was wrong?  

The obvious difficulty with arguing that Marxism, Nazism and Islamicism are viable contenders with capitalist democratic protestantism is the results of history itself.  They just keep losing.

Posted by at October 24, 2012 7:40 PM

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