August 27, 2010

BECOMING MORE ANGLOSPHERIC:

A model for antitribal governance in Africa: Kenya's new Constitution: A new Constitution that took effect Friday sets Kenya on a path toward reducing tribal differences – and violence. Other nations with ethnic rivalries can learn from it. (CS Monitor, 8/27/10)

The most radical idea is a reduction in the power of the presidency. Having a strong president often meant only one tribe was in a position to command the nation’s wealth, leading to resentment and conflict – a common problem on a continent prone to “big man” politics.

Now more power will be given to regions in the national distribution of money, goods – and patronage. A new, two-tier parliament will put a check on presidential authority, with a Senate that will represent regions.

In addition, a candidate for president must win more than 50 percent of the vote, which will help unite competing tribal groups into parties based on policy preferences and not ethnic jingoism.

Posted by Orrin Judd at August 27, 2010 5:06 PM
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