August 6, 2011

SOVEREIGNTY REDEFINED:

Syria: Not a state? (Adel Al Toraifi, 8/06/11, Asharq Alawasat)

Nobody wants to describe their own country as a "failed state", or see it transformed into a battlefield. Anybody whose country has experienced a bloody civil war knows what it is to be an exile, or not to be allowed to return home. What is happening today in Syria can only be described as a civil war; with a partisan army and sectarian armed militia confronting the peaceful majority. When watching hundreds of unarmed protesters being shot and killed by pro-regime forces, one can only ask: how can this happen in a modern civil state?

In an interview with Dr .Muhammad al-Houni, the long-time adviser to Saif al-Islam Gaddafi stated that the situation in Libya was destined to become a civil war, unlike the Egyptian and Tunisian cases where the military sided with the demonstrators to protect the state against collapse. Dr. al-Houni stated that "Libya is a country without a constitution, an army, a parliament, or [political] parties. Libya is a country without a president or vice president. Libya is not a state." [Al Majalla Magazine, 19 July issue].

This might seem a harsh description of Libya and the Libyan people; however in reality Libya is not alone in this, indeed there are a number of Arab republics that can be viewed as countries ruled by authoritarian regimes but which cannot be considered civil states that possess constitutional legitimacy and sovereignty, unless we are judging this by the criteria of "Westphalian sovereignty". As for the concept of modern states - namely a state of institutions that possesses constitutional legitimacy and follows secular conventional laws - no such state exists in the ranks of modern Arab republics.


Globalization is Anglofication.




Posted by at August 6, 2011 9:50 AM
  

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